Guest Post – Volunteering at the Harry Daly Museum

Hello again! It’s been a little while since I last wrote a blog for Curate Your Own Adventure but I’m very happy to be back! In today’s blog I’m going to talk about my recent experience volunteering at the Harry Daly Museum located at North Sydney, which operates as a part of the Australian Society of Anaesthetists (ASA). If you’re a regular reader of the blog you will be familiar with this museum and some of its history and activities as Rebecca has just wrapped up her tenure as the Curator and Archivist at the Museum. So, I won’t repeat that information for you but will focus on my own experience instead.

I was lucky enough to be selected as a volunteer after completing a recruitment process, and despite the title of this post I actually worked within the Gwen Wilson Archive rather than the Museum itself – the ASA actually operates a Museum, Archive and Reference Library which are all interconnected. To give you some context, the ASA moved to new premises in 2013, which included moving the Museum, Library and Archive. While the Library, and to a lesser extent the Museum, have been well maintained and managed during and since the move, the Archive was put into basement storage at the time of the move and had remained untouched since. As you can probably imagine, this meant there was a lot of work to be done in organising the Archive and bringing it back to a workable, appropriate state. I have to say it was disappointing to see the state the Archive had been left in – hundreds of boxes unlabelled (or incorrectly labelled), in no order, with no humidity or temperature controls, stored in non-archive quality materials. Not to mention the basement storage room had had a leak for some time. In short, almost no best practice procedures had been carried out, which was a shame when the time and resources to do so were present. However, having seen the amazing revitalisation and redevelopment Rebecca had already undertaken in the museum space (seriously, what she achieved in that amount of time is amazing!), I was confident that the end result would be great and the Archive would be treated with the respect it deserves.

Some of the fundamental first steps to get the Archive into a working state, so that we could actually get in there and work, included clearing the floor so that the room was accessible, ensuring there were no current leaks, using traps to take care of a roach problem and installing temperature and humidity monitoring devices. Once that was complete, Rebecca and myself could actually get to work on the Archive objects and documents. As simple as it might sound, this involved pulling out unmarked (often very heavy!) boxes, opening them up and seeing what was inside. This process certainly opened my eyes to some of the unique challenges that a medical museum presents – I think it was the second box we opened that contained unlabelled, unsealed sharps (used needles). Luckily, I had just put on gloves as the first box had contained a resuscitator that had become mouldy due to less than ideal storage conditions. These certainly weren’t the only interesting and dangerous objects that we found as we sorted through the seemingly endless mountain of boxes. As we sorted through the boxes, we documented each object we found (at a guess, maybe 5% of the objects we worked through had object labels with accession numbers on them, all of which seemed to use a different accessioning system), gave it a number and a label, set aside some objects to be de-accessioned and repackaged objects into archive-quality polypropylene boxes we assembled ourselves.

As a result of the nature of the project I was working on, and the fact that I managed to effectively see it through to its conclusion, this volunteer work felt more like an internship than other volunteer work I’ve undertaken in the sector. I think this speaks to how hands on the work was, how closely I got to work with the Curator and how much practical knowledge I obtained. This was thanks to having such a supportive supervisor who was willing to answer as many annoying questions as I could ask. Having no experience in a medical museum, I had plenty! I don’t mean to devalue other volunteer work by describing my experience this way, I just wish that all volunteers in the cultural sector would be respected, valued and appreciated in the same way that interns are. That’s not to say that I’ve felt disrespected as a volunteer in the past, but I do feel there is a difference in the way volunteers and interns are treated (perhaps rightfully so), and I will always stress that the extent to which volunteers and their work should be valued and appreciated knows no bounds.

My only criticism of my experience, if I could call it that, would be that I wish we had more time to focus on some aspects of the work in more detail, and to do more in general. Had we had more time, or had the Archive not been in such a state of disarray when we began we might’ve been able to focus more on conservation issues, on individual objects and on de-accessioning obsolete objects and records. However, one of my favourite things about getting to spend time in actual museum and archive spaces since completing the Museum Studies Masters is seeing the ways in which the theory and best practice we learnt about in the class room do or do not take place in the real world. I couldn’t be happier with the result of our work in the archive. We achieved an incredible amount in the short time we had, and I can only hope the standard we have set will be maintained going forward. I have attached a few photos so you can hopefully see some of the difference we made. Also note the accession documents attached to the compactus which state the location of objects and documents, and the disaster management plan for how to deal with a flood in the archive space – both of which have been laminated and made accessible and were not previously available in the archive space.

A huge thanks to Rebecca for having me on as a volunteer and for allowing me to blog on it, I learnt so much.

This post was written by Imogen Kennard-King:

A huge thank you to Imogen for the wonderful post and the great work you did in helping me with the Archives. It was no easy task and I am so glad you were there to ensure I didn’t accidentally stab myself with a needle!

The Moderns: European Designers in Sydney

The Moderns: European Designers in Sydney is now showing at the Museum of Sydney until November 26, 2017. There is something about furniture and homewares from the 1930s to 1960s that just fills a small void in my life. It’s basically the transformation of furniture from verging on impractical to sleek and beautifully designed. In other words, this movement allowed simple to be magnificent.

When I heard about this exhibition opening in Sydney I was very intrigued. We must have had some amazing designers around this period, but I’ve never heard their stories. Today was the day to educate myself and admire the men and women who often fled tumultuous circumstances in Europe to practice their craft and realise their designs.

The exhibition is located on Level 2 of the Museum of Sydney. Just before entering the space, there is a large thematic panel with the exhibition title in neon blue. Contained in a glass tube is a chair manufactured by George Karody. As the introductory panel states, modern Australian architecture is so often associated with Harry Seidler. Those that came before him are ignored and marginalised from the story. So already you feel as though it is going to be a different kind of modernist exhibition that tackles new material.


The exhibition space allows you to select whatever path you wish to take. It is essentially set up to showcase the biographies of early designers and photographs/objects representing their work. The display cases are so perfectly designed to look like 1920s Art Deco pieces. Each designer has their own colour and section of the exhibition. Men and women are represented in the space which was great to see.


Apart from the biography panels and cases, parts of the exhibition space were re-created rooms from Sydney houses. The furniture was all inspired or created by the designers and told the story of a particular family and their connection to the moderns.

That basically provides a nice overview of the entire exhibition space. See the photographs below for further layout information.


The rest of the blog will focus on three designers that I found to be most interesting. Also, I’ll briefly discuss one of the house set ups that really caught my eye.

1. Susan Kozma-Orlay

Kozma-Orlay was born in 1913, in Budapest Hungary. After studying in Budapest, Stuttgart, and Vienna, she fled to Australia with her family having survived Nazi occupation. During her illustrious career, Kozma-Orlay worked for companies such as David Jones, designing graphics for their silk and textile patterns. She later moved into furntiure and interior design working closely with Stephen Gergely in the eastern suburbs of Sydney. Her earlier work is now on display at the Victoria & Albert Museum in London.

After reading about this amazing journey from Europe to Australia, you are then invited to see some of her designs both in pictorial form and as actual objects. The first image is of a beautiful drinks chest that has wheels attached for easy manouevring. My favourite object, however, was the samples book created for David Jones containing some of her designs.

What worked really well in this space was the use of backlighting to highlight specific images. By creating contrast with lights, the display was more visually appealing and your eyes were drawn to the most significant works.


2 and 3. Oser and Fombertaux

Hans Oser was born in Austria, arriving in Sydney in 1938. Jean Fombertaux was born in France and arrived in Sydney three years earlier. In Sydney, the two formed a partnership utilising their design skills and producing late-international-style architecture.

Their work included the William Bland Centre on Macquarie Street and the BOAC Travel Centre on Castlereagh Street. The latter was included in the Royal Australian Institute of Architectus in 1971.

I have selected these personalities because the images that accompanied their stories were extremely powerful. In particular, seeing the Star of David added to one of the buildings made me reflect on the broader themes of the exhibition as well as take a moment to consider wider contexts.

They also produced some stunning interiors and the backlit photographs were difficult to miss when first entering the space.


4. Room with Cocktail Cabinet

It is incredibly difficult to walk past this section of the exhibition and not fall immediately in love with the cocktail cabinet. The work is stunning and it is such a treasure piece of Art Deco. Also the wood is sourced from Queensland so a huge plus there.


In saying this, there was another room with a great little story attached – the Schwartz House. The room panel explored the story of Laci and Magda Schwartz who emigrated to Sydney from Hungary and had George Reves design their house. This room is an example of their entertaining space where visitors could overlook Sydney Harbour. The story was going so well until the ending. The house was demolished in 2000, seriously heart breaking. All of this amazing modernist design and architecture no longer exists.


Here are some of the other room displays:


This level of design and the individuals who championed the modernist movement have been thoughtfully remembered in the exhibition space. I just wish more of these Art Deco properties and their interiors remained! For today, seeing the designs and products in a museum will have to do. I can dream that one day I’ll own a house that will be modernist designed from floor to ceiling.

American Visionary: John F. Kennedy’s Life and Times at Penrith Regional Gallery


To celebrate 100 years since the birth of President John F. Kennedy (JFK), exhibitions are popping up all over America and in other places around the world. I was absolutely not expecting an exhibition at Penrith Regional Art Gallery and Museum. I was shocked to see that they were displaying photographs of Kennedy in an exhibition titled: American Visionary: John F. Kennedy’s Life and Times. Penrith is approximately one hour by train from Sydney CBD. The journey was worth it to see the exhibition.

I was so excited to see how a regional museum tackled his presidency and how they selected to display the photographs. In total, there were four rooms and a small hallway. Each room represented a different theme covering the early years, the presidential campaign, and his time as president. It was in the cutest little house inside the gallery complex. You felt as though you were literally walking into someone’s place. Once inside, the video playing footage of the Kennedy campaign etc, transformed the space entirely.

It was a perfect size for an exhibition. I spent around 45 minutes looking at the display, but, you could easily see it all in only 30 minutes. To start, there is a thematic panel welcoming visitors to the space explaining how Kennedy and the media were inseparable. His presidency really was in this ‘golden age of photojournalism’ (one of the many reasons why I find his presidency so fascinating). You are then informed that the Kennedy family conveyed a new vision of America – one filled with change and opportunity. It was a very interesting way to introduce the exhibition. It conforms to how JFK is regarded today – as the hopeful President who never had the chance to complete one term of his presidency.


After reading the panel there is no set way to see the photographs. It makes sense to start in the first room on the left that depicts the early years of Kennedy up until his presidential campaign. Now I have seen multitudes of photographs of his presidency. I’ve visited the JFK Library and Museum in Boston a few times and have researched his presidency for many assignments and just out of interest. There were so many photographs I had never seen before which was seriously exciting. I liked how they covered his early life before launching into his thousand days in office. Also, the photographs weren’t just of him. They have made a great effort to select images that also depict the social, cultural, and wider political issues America faced under his presidency. For example, there was a powerful image of the Birmingham Riots.


The rooms were all curated with such care. The photographs were well positioned and did not clutter the space. Often I feel galleries are too sparse or too cluttered so it was nice to feel a balance. My favourite room was right down the back of the house also on the left. The image of JFK and Robert “Bobby” Kennedy sitting on a bed contemplating everything is one of my favourite images of his presidency. It was used on the book cover for “Brothers” by David Talbot. It is just a stunning photograph capturing the hidden history behind the public face of JFK that eluded to nothing but confidence.


I also enjoyed the room that looked at the youth of Kennedy including family photographs and photographs of his wedding to Jacqueline Bouvier. There was a small thematic panel exploring the family dynamic of the Kennedy family which is complex, tense, and filled with misfortune.

I also wanted to share a couple of photographs I had never seen before. The first is of Kennedy’s visit to Berlin in June 1963. Mere months before his assassination. The photograph depicts Kennedy at Checkpoint Charlie, looking at the wall with a crowd of East Berliners seen in the background. It would be fantastic to have this image on display at the Kennedy Museum in Berlin!


Another image I had never seen before was one of JFK sitting in a chair writing something while children crowd around the window outside. It is such a fun photograph and I spent a little while contemplating whether or not it was entirely staged. Clearly the majority of his photographs as President have been staged to conform to a certain image. This one, however, looked more natural than the others.


Finally, another highlight image was not of JFK himself, but, of the voting booth during the election. You can only see the legs of those inside the booth. Again, this is a quirky image and a great addition to the exhibition space.


The only real critical thought I had throughout my visit was that occassionaly there were obvious spelling mistakes on the labels. There was one glaring word in the introductory panel that did not fit in the sentence. I did only notice these errors post-visit while I was looking through my photographs.

Overall, I had a great day spending time with the photographs of Kennedy in Penrith. I would highly encourage those with even a slight interest in his presidency to make the journey and see the exhbition for yourself. Out of all the photographic exhibitions of Kennedy I have seen, this one ranks amongst the best. Everything from the location to the video sound permeating the rooms allowed it to be a great tribute to a fascinating President.


History of Medicine Conference

On Wednesday the 12th of July, I attended the History of Medicine Conference in Melbourne. I presented alongside three incredible women, Monica Cronin, Tilly Boleyn, and Ari Hunter, in a panel on Women in the History of Medicine. Rather than provide a summary of the day, I have decided to post my talk (an abbreviated version) and screenshots of some of the publicity our panel received through Twitter. It focuses on how museums can assist in rewriting dominant narratives and represent the women who have been consistently marginalised. 

In 1812, Frances ‘Fanny’ Burney underwent a mastectomy without anaesthesia. In the days post her surgery, Burney wrote a letter to her sister Esther Burney describing, in great detail, her experience of surgery. Almost ninety years later, in 1901, Dr Lucy Gertrude MacMahon was born in Sydney. After studying at the University of Sydney, MacMahon was awarded her Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery and began practicing as an anaesthetist. Whilst seemingly unrelated, these two specific case studies can shed much light on the experiences of women in this history. Both, however, present different research challenges which will be explored.

To start, however, I am going to provide some context on the history of anaesthesia and the persistent issues that have emerged in the discipline. On October 16, 1846, William T. G. Morton publicly demonstrated the use of ether as a form of anaesthesia. This surgery was performed at what is now termed the ether dome in Massachusetts General Hospital. Around the same time, Dr John Snow was experimenting with chloroform and ether. Snow was a significant figure in early public health. His work on cholera, in particular, has been celebrated as a major contribution to the understanding of health in the 19th century. He mapped the spread of cholera determining it was being spread by contaminated water. On the whole, the history of anaesthesia tends to focus on these characters, prioritising their developments and contributions. While their stories are important, the context in which they were operating in is often neglected. This is not because the evidence does not exist, it is because the evidence has not been properly analysed and evaluated.

In historical theory, this approach to analysing the past has been labelled the “Great Man theory”. Popular in the 19th century, this theory suggests that the past can be largely explained by “great men” or heroes who in some way impacted on the past. Over time, this theory has been re-evaluated and deemed too simplistic in understanding the past. Instead, different schools of history have now emerged that consider the past from a variety of angles – for example social, cultural, and gender history.

Rather than focusing on the “great men” these schools have turned their attention on re-interpreting the source material, incorporating different types of source material, and challenging the dominant narratives. The rest of my paper will delve into the stories of Frances Burney and Dr Lucy MacMahon. I will be answering questions such as: how can their stories contribute to understanding the history of anaesthesia? How can their accounts be examined from a different historical perspective and what can this tell us about the past?

The first example I am going to share is the account of Burney of her mastectomy in 1812. In the case of Burney, her full letter and account of surgery exists, yet has never been analysed in depth. It is considered an excellent example of an account written in the time before anaesthesia. In 2010, Michael Kaplan published the entire letter of Burney to his blog “The New Jacksonian Blog”. Prior to this, snippets of the letter were available in various places, however this blog entry has allowed the letter to reach wider audiences.

The account is primarily used to outline how horrific surgery was prior to anaesthesia. Burney is almost always used as an example resulting in her entire experience being broken down and fragmented. In particular, her account of the actual surgery itself is focused on. In her words “when the dreadful steel was plunged into the breast – ‘cutting through veins – arteries – flesh – nerves’. I am going to briefly cover the other topics raised by Burney and how her letter can be used for much more than simply understanding the exact moment of surgery pre-anaesthesia.

At the beginning of her letter, Burney writes on the events leading up to the surgery. As she states, “I began to be annoyed by a small pain in my breast, which went on augmenting from week to week.” Eventually, Burney was persuaded to see a medical professional and have an examination. Burney recounts how terrified she was at the prospect of something being wrong. It provides a fantastic insight into patient emotions that can be compared/contrasted to present day. It can also be read as indicating an awareness of the limitations of medicine. Perhaps her terror came from what was unknown regarding surgery. Later in the letter, Burney describes in detail her struggle with accepting the surgery and finally providing her consent. It reads as a tumultuous journey through stages of grief ending in acceptance.

“I called upon them to speak. M. Dubois then, after a long and unintelligible harangue, from his own disturbance, pronounced my doom. I now saw it was inevitable, and abstained from any further effort. They received my formal consent, and retired to fix a day.”

The letter can also allow for an insight into patient/doctor relationship in the 19th century. Throughout the letter, Burney references multiple doctors who were consulted regarding the potential for surgery. For each doctor, Burney writes down her impression and how she regarded their level of care. For M. Dubois, who provided the initial consultation, she was wary of his inability to tell her directly she required surgery. Instead, Dubois notified her friend this was the only option and it was his responsibility to then notify Burney displaying “the bitterest woe”.

Burney is then examined by Dr Larrey, Dr Moreau, and Dr Ribe. All three come to the conclusion that surgery is necessary. The patient/doctor relationship between Burney and Dr Larrey appeared most strong as on telling Burney the news he “had now tears in his Eyes’.

It is clear that Burney can offer a more diverse account of surgery pre-anaesthesia when her letter is read through different perspectives and with a sharper focus.

My second case study is on Dr Lucy Gertrude MacMahon, a foundation fellow of the Faculty of Anaesthetists Royal Australasian College of Surgeons. Prior to becoming the College of Anaesthetists, a faculty was established in 1952. There were forty original fellows of the Faculty including six women. During my internship at the Geoffrey Kaye Museum, I researched all forty Foundation Fellows for the online exhibition Lives of the Fellows. As part of this online exhibition, a biography was required for each Fellow including some basic information such as date and place of birth. I was working to a project deadline and had twenty days to complete as much research as possible. In the twenty days, I managed to complete preliminary research on all forty fellows and additionally completed fifteen entries including sourcing photographs and objects in the collection. Each ‘fact’ about the fellow was validated through thorough primary research. Lives of the Fellows is still an ongoing project collecting further research and building upon the foundations.

For many, the research was quite straight forward. Many of the male fellows had war records that detailed their date and place of birth along with their University qualifications and other interesting pieces of information.

One woman in particular, Dr Mary Burnell, had folders filled with information and primary source documents. Her anaesthesia records, details of her study, certifications, and information on her travels was all available in the archives. For many of the other women, however, their files contained minimal information and required extra research. Rather than dismissing these stories as the research can be perceived as too challenging, writing these women back into the story and history was achievable with the right skills and tools.

Dr MacMahon was selected as I saw the most transformation with her story. The following will now cover how I pieced together her story.

To start, I was made aware that she came from New South Wales so my first stop was the New South Wales Government Registry of Births, Deaths & Marriages. Considering I had a middle name and an approximate date range, I was able to discover MacMahon was born on the 21st of May 1901 in the town of Cootamundra. She died in June 1996. I then found year books from the University of Sydney, discovering that she was awarded her MB CHM – or Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery in 1924. The year book also disclosed that MacMahon had undertaken her residency at the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital in Sydney. Just from two databases, I had already pieced together a short biography.

In order to boost her biography and ensure that her story in the history of anaesthesia was recongised in the exhibition, I focused my attention on the treasure chest that is Trove. For those of you who are unaware of Trove, it is a search engine that “brings together content from libraries, museums, archives, repositories, and other research and collecting organisations big and small”.

In Trove, you are able to search for an individual, narrowing the date range, adding important information to refine your search, and, ultimately, viewing the relevant documents, images, or books. When I typed in Dr Lucy MacMahon and set the date parameters, I was met with a wealth of information. Dr MacMahon was a socialite. She attended many balls, weddings, parties, and other social events in the 1920s and 1930s. At each of these events, information was provided such as where she was working. This is mainly because the events were held to raise funds for hospitals. I pieced together that MacMahon worked at the Canterbury District Memorial Hospital before moving to Lewisham Hospital in Sydney until 1938. She then worked at St Vincent’s Hospital in Sydney before venturing off to England. In a newspaper article from 1938, it stated she was on board the Orion ship to England which we confirmed against ship records.


Even the exordium document revealed more than I first realised. The address of her practice she had provided was the same as Dr Harry Daly. This would indicate that on her return to Australia after World War II she entered into private practice with Daly.

Apart from her professional placements, the newspaper articles also revealed information on her family. MacMahon had two brothers and four sisters. Her sister, Dora, was also a doctor and two of her other sisters had married doctors.

By filling in the gaps of her story, we are ensuring that the work and life of Dr MacMahon is not neglected from the wider picture of the Foundation Fellows. Her contributions as an early female anaesthetist have now been recognised and publicised for visitors to the online exhibition. Her story can shed light on the history of anaesthesia by providing a different perspective.

It was also interesting to see what other history was revealed by searching her name.  For example, I discovered the popularity of hospital charity functions in Sydney during the 1920s and 1930s and the type of audience they attracted. Through databases such as Trove, these histories and stories are becoming increasingly accessible.

It is clear that the rewriting the history of anaesthesia by including women can yield differing perspectives and a more rich understanding of this past. Their stories have been neglected or only briefly considered. By incorporating their experiences as both patients and doctors, the gaps in the history of anaesthesia can begin to be filled.





Harry Daly Museum Seminar

Today I ran my first ever museum event. It was a medical history seminar titled: Collecting, Curating, & Conserving. We had an excellent turn out of thirty professionals from all over New South Wales and even Victoria! It was a genuinely lovely morning that involved being surrounded by incredibly passionate people in the field of medical history. Throughout the day, we heard about the challenges medical collections face and how various collections have been formed and maintained.

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In total, we had seven speakers present on a topic of their choice. This allowed for such a great diversity of topics from changing permanent displays on a shoestring budget, to identifying medical objects through in-depth research. I am going to provide an overview of each talk and try to summarise the main aim and findings.

  1. Cate Storey – Transforming Archives: Making Stuff Relevant for the 21st Century and Beyond

Storey focused her presentation on the archives of the Royal North Shore Hosptial. Essentially, Storey is building the archives from scratch and wanted feedback and assistance from the seminar participants. Her presentation posed some significant questions to consider when creating an archive: What is the future of the archive? How do we sort the material? How do we catalogue the collection?

I have asked myself very similar questions while working with the Gwen Wilson Archives. Especially, how to sort the material. When you are faced with hundreds of boxes marked “to be sorted” it can be a huge undertaking just to work out how they should be arranged. Storey has achieved so much with the archives, rescuing old historical registers and re-organising a significant amount of material.


2. Monica Cronin – A Museum Without Walls: Taking the Museum Experience to the People

The Geoffrey Kaye Museum of Anaesthetic History in Melbourne has done incredible work reaching out to audiences through online platforms. This has included social media, blogs, and online exhibitions.

Cronin provided a great overview of the museum’s outreach work which are dot-pointed below:

It was an engaging talk that certainly sparked the imagination and creativity of those in the audience.


3. Me – Meeting Standards: Transforming the Harry Daly Museum’s Permanent Display

It was then my turn to talk. I focused on how the permanent display of the Harry Daly Museum has transformed in order to appeal to a broader audience.

This has included reducing the amount of text in the display cases, creating new object labels, and moving objects into a more cohesive display. I was so grateful for the opportunity to present on my work and the feedback I received was overwhelmingly positive. I am now more confident than ever with the work I am completing and the direction the museum is going.

4. Elinor Wrobel – Morbid Anatomy Collection 1890s to 1985

The Sydney Hospital Museum has been on my must-visit list for too long. The presentation by Elinor Wrobel was an incredibly passionate ode to the museum and its place in medical history. Wrobel spoke on the history of medicine in Sydney and how it has skewed the significance of the hospital. I am excited to visit this museum and see all the wonderful objects with my own eyes.

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5. Dr Bevan Stone – Medical Collection Query Service

There were two main parts to this presentation.

  1. The past role of the History of Medical Museums specialist group
  2. How to identify medical museum objects

With the latter, Stone showed a picture of an altar cloth from World War I that was seemingly unrelated to a medical history collection. On further research, he discovered it was a cloth embroided by Australian soldiers who were amputees. It was an incredible story!


6. Derek Williamson – How does a Medical Museum Visit Change People’s Health Intentions?

This presentation focused on how medical museums can change perceptions of health. Although Williamson had collected anecdotal evidence, he was hoping to produce data that could be presented to the University of New South Wales. He knew, for example, that visits could potentially change health behaviours. He shared a story of a teacher who after their visit quit smoking because of what they had witnessed in the museum. Considering it is a pathology museum, there are literal human lungs on display that have been affected by cigarette smoke.

After running some surveys and collating the data, Williamson discovered that primary school and high school students were affected by the messages in the museum. In fact, at an event called ‘Zombies in the Museum’, 86% of participants continued a conversation about the museum post-visit. This is great data suggesting a new significance of medical collections not only in telling the history of the discipline, but actually changing attitudes and behaviours.


7. Dr Rajesh Haridas – The ‘Lost’ Morton Inhaler

Our final speaker was Dr Rajesh Haridas who spoke on the Morton inhaler that was allegedly lost during the 1840s. So the first anaesthetic publicly administered was by this guy called William Morton – just so you know. After seeing a ‘replica’ in the archives of the Massachusetts General Hospital, Haridas exmained it in more depth discovering it was actually the original.

This was a great talk on how important it is to scrutinise the evidence.


I am so relieved today was successful and I cannot wait to hear back from the participants on their experience. To evaluate the seminar, I will be distributing a questionairre and hopefully will gain some further insight into what worked well and what could be improved on.

Now that the event is over, I can finally start focusing on the History of Medicine Conference coming up on the 12th of July in Melbourne. My talk will be revising the history of anaesthesia to include women and their stories!

Thank you to everyone who participated in the seminar!

GLAM Blog Club “Fear”

Time for another GLAM Blog Club post! I am truly excited to write on the topic of ‘fear’. I’m going to tackle this topic from a variety of angles. Not just because I have many fears, but also because I work with some objects that absolute ignite fear in others.

To start, I’m going to write about my time curating a medical collection. A few years ago I realised that I very easily have vasovagal syncope episodes. Basically, for me, being somewhere medical can result in me fainting and feeling incredibly nauseous. There are also times when my vision has become very blurry and my pulse slows right down. It’s quite hard to manage and even when I try my absolute best not to pass out, it still happens. A couple of years ago now it hit me while I was standing in a pharmacy looking at some medication. I saw the word swelling, yes it only took seeing one word, and I was out. Vaccinations as well as blood tests almost always result in a vasovagal episode.

It is caused by a whole variety of triggers including fear of pain and/or bodily injury. Some people experience slight lightheadedness, whereas others, including myself, just full on faint. So how does this relate to fear in the museum?

I became interested in medical collections in 2015. It makes no sense that I would be wanting to work with the objects that have caused me so much grief. Nevertheless I thought this history was way too interesting for me not to pursue. The real test came with my first internship at the Geoffrey Kaye Museum in Melbourne.

On my first day, I was guided through the collection by my wonderful supervisor, and to my surprise I didn’t feel ill nor did I faint. I was even comfortable handling needles. I thought this was going to be a great turning point for me. However, I still faint at the site of a needle today when it is about to go into my arm.


Journal Entry 3

Handling objects in the Geoffrey Kaye Museum


While I was still frightened by some of the old medical equipment, the fact it wasn’t going to be used on me helped in not triggering an episode. Even with the more modern equipment, seeing it trapped behind glass or sitting on a museum storage shelf allowed me to disassociate it from pain. Ironically, the collection of the Geoffrey Kaye Museum and Harry Daly Museum, where I now work as a curator, is all about preventing and treating pain. Luckily for me, the collection generates a different kind of fear that is more focused on ‘I’d hate for that to happen to me in x century’ rather than ‘wow this is actually going to happen to me right here, right now’. Objects such as a full medical kit from World War I including scapels and saws, I can now appreciate for their incredible interpretive capacity and how they might have been experienced without placing myself in the picture.



The drawer of fear!


Moving on now to something a little less ‘my medical history 101’. I want to briefly talk about a heritage site, Cockatoo Island. Since February this year, I have started running ghost tours of the island. Some of the stories we share are truly horrible and transform the site from a nice place to picnic on the weekend, to a site of trauma. Considering it was a hard labour prison for convicts for 30 years, then a reformitory school for girls, and a shipyard during World War I and World War II, there are no shortage of terrible stories.


The tour covers this gruesome history of the island including stories about convicts who were drowned and workers who were crushed to death in our Turbine Hall by large engines. It is truly a scary place. Out of respect to those who died, our tours focus more on the history of the site and tell the stories how they were reported on/how they were described by those who once worked on the island. Everytime though, I can feel chills up my spine and am so grateful to be on the island in the 21st century.

This was a great topic for GLAM Blog Club! Some of my fears, have joined me on my journey in the museum sector. Instead of shying away, I’m trying to work with them and not against them!

#MuseumWeek on Twitter

This week was Museum Week on Twitter. Basically an opportunity for museums around the world to showcase their collections and stories while promoting a ‘theme of the day’. This year, there was also an overarching theme – women in museums. A fantastic opportunity for museums to consider the stories of those that are often marginalised. From following this hash tag everyday, I learned so many incredible stories of women and their achievements. A very empowering week.

I am going to share with you my contributions. If you follow me on Instagram (@curateyourownadventure) you would have already seen these photographs. I’ll be providing a little more context, however, in this blog post.

1. #FoodMW

19227192_435174673531434_8991148304825843712_nTo start the week we had my favourite topic, food. I was lucky enough to be working with the collection of Hurstville Museum and snapped a picture of these cakes. Hurstville Museum was once located in an old bakery and this is where their cake collection began. Most are from around early 2000 to present day. Many have been entered into the Sydney Royal Easter Show and won prizes – hence why they are being preserved. They are so beautiful and so bizarre. I really enjoy any opportunity to go to the storeroom and work with these objects.

2. #SportMW

19228388_1378446568907514_3832787149472661504_nThis is the only entry I had that is not connected to the daily theme, but, to the overall theme. The Justice & Police Museum, owned by Sydney Living Museums, has done a fantastic job at representing the stories of female criminals and victims. This thematic panel shows some of the women who were arrested and accused during the early 20th century. As a Curriculum Program Deliverer, incorporating women into the history of crime in New South Wales is especially important. On each tour, we discuss the case of the Pyjama Girl, a woman who was beaten to death in 1934 and never saw true justice. A case of extreme domestic violence by today’s standards.

3. #MusicMW

19424864_1855644881353424_2691239199301959680_nToday I was working at the Powerhouse Museum in the Sherlock exhibition. I couldn’t help but take a picture of Sherlock’s violin.

4. #StoriesMW

19228011_449485412075621_2105409766116294656_nI struggled with this theme the most. Purely because I am surrounded by so many stories everyday I just couldn’t pick one! I decided to leave it to the last minute. Whatever was in front of me at the end of the day, was the winning entry. In this case, I was working on acquiring a new anaesthetic mask at the Harry Daly Museum that was fashioned using pieces of metal during World War I. Innovation and creativity at a time of horror and despair.

5. #BooksMW

19379694_184041162129709_2433141532014936064_nThese notebooks are currently in the archive at the Harry Daly Museum. Not only are they aesthetically pleasing, but, they tell an important story of how anaesthesia was studied and how information was recorded.

6. #TravelMW

19428602_119573001975548_4432249105208573952_nThe final two days were really dedicated to Cockatoo Island. This is one of my favourite images on the island showing how workers arrived on the island during it’s shipyard days. Over 4000 indivdiuals worked on Cockatoo Island building and repairing large ships. It’s amazing to think we still have this material heritage!

7. #HeritageMW

19380022_1718546178159576_2491146469801721856_nFinally, we have the convict barracks that once held over 200 male convicts. Between 1839 and 1869, literally hundreds of convicts passed through Cockatoo Island to serve their sentence of hard labour. If the walls could talk, what horrible stories they could tell. Intepreting this heritage and providing a voice for the hundreds of individuals who were tortured and tormented is a job that I take very seriously.

So there we have it! Seven days and seven photographs. It was great to be involved and I cannot wait for Museum Week next year!